Plantar fasciitis or the more technically correct name plantar fasciopathy. It is a condition that no matter who you ask, either they or someone they know, has suffered from it. Plantar faciitis is a condition that also nearly always draws a grimace due to the painful and often long-term nature of it. Plantar fasciitis is estimated to affect up to 10% of the general population. That number increases further in certain demographics such as runners, the overweight, and manual labour occupations.
A fascia is a band of fibrous connective tissue created to resist tensile forces while remaining flexible. Fascia has a similar construction to ligaments, whereas ligament connect bone to bone, fascia normally surround muscles, other tissues, and can divide groups of muscles into compartments. The plantar fascia, plantar referring to its location in the foot, is a thick layer of connective tissue that supports the arch. It runs from the heel bone up towards the toes and is more an aponeurosis than a fascia. The plantar fascia not only helps to support the arch but also acts as a spring, as we walk and run, to transfer force. Plantar fasciitis is a non-inflammatory condition where microtrauma/small tear occurs in the fascia. The exact cause is still poorly understood. It is generally believed to be caused by a group of different risk factors. Factors such as weight, increase in activity, footwear, diabetes and anatomical factors of each person.
Managed can be broken down into three categories: risk management, symptom management, and active management.
If you think you are suffering from Plantar fasciitis get in touch with the team at Cairnhill Physiotherapy to help ease that pain in the foot.